Yamuna Enclave Branch
#278,Yamuna Enlcave, Panipat
Timings: 10 am to 8 pm
Sanoli Road Branch
Basement Lotus Hospital, Sanoli Road
Timings: 10 am to 8 pm
Complete Blood Count
White blood cells (WBC), sometimes referred to as leukocytes, are produced by the immune system to help defend the body against infection. They are formed in the bone marrow and enter the blood for migration to key organs; such as the spleen or lymph nodes. These cells are bigger than red blood cells, and there are far fewer WBCs in the bloodstream. A high white blood cell count likely indicates that an infection is present somewhere in the body, whereas a low number might indicate that an infection or disease has slowed the ability of the bone marrow to produce new white blood cells. Typically one cubic millimeter of blood contains about 10,000 white blood cells. There are several different types of white blood cells, which are identified in a CBC with differential blood test.
Red blood cells (RBC), often referred to as erythrocytes, are responsible for delivering oxygen throughout the body. There are between 3.6 to 6.1 million in a single milliliter of blood. A low red blood cell count can indicate anemia, which can lead to fatigue.
Hemoglobin (HB) is an iron-rich protein found inside red blood cells, which gives blood its red color. Oxygen travels through the bloodstream bound to hemoglobin. The amount of hemoglobin in the blood is an indicator of the amount of oxygen the blood can carry throughout the body. A low hemoglobin number is a good indicator of anemia; whereas, dehydration can temporarily increase hemoglobin levels .
Hematocrit (HCT) refers to the amount of your blood that is occupied by red blood cells. A low hematocrit percentage is a good indicators of anemia. The value is expressed as a percentage of cells in blood. For example, a hematocrit value of 42% means that there are 42 milliliters of red blood cells in 100 milliliters of blood.
Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) measures the size of red blood cells. Larger red blood cells may indicate anemia due to vitamin B6 or folic acid deficiency; smaller red blood cells may indicate anemia due to iron deficiency. Some drugs can cause MCV to increase without necessarily causing anemia.
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) measures the amount of hemoglobin in red blood cells. Both hemoglobin and hematocrit are used to calculate this number. Low levels indicate anemia.
Red cell distribution width (RDW) looks at the range of these sizes in a blood sample. Red blood cells can come in different sizes. If anemia is suspected, based on other blood counts, RDW test results are often used together with MCV results to figure out what the cause of the anemia might be
Platelets (PLT) are tiny cells produced by the bone marrow to help your blood clot in the event of a cut or scrape. A high number might be seen in people with cancer, a blood disease, or rheumatoid arthritis. A decreased platelet count is called thrombocytopenia. There are a number of possible causes of thrombocytopenia, including a disorder of the immune system that causes antibodies produced by the spleen to kill platelets (idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura, or ITP). This can be problematic and often warrants immediate medical care.
The mean platelet volume (MPV) test measures the average volume (size) of your platelets. A higher-than-normal MPV has been shown to be associated with a greater risk of heart attacks and stroke.
Differential Leukocyte Count(DLC)
Neutrophils (NEU) (also known as segs, PMNs, grans (GR)), surround, engulf, and destroy invading microbes, normally accounting for anywhere between 38% and 80% of the white blood cell count. The bacterial infection; a low number can put you at a greater risk of experiencing sickness from a bacterial infection. Lymphocytes, (LYM) produce antibodies, which are specific proteins that attack and help destroy specific germs, but most of these circulating in the blood either attack invaders (these are called cytotoic lymphocytes) or coordinate the attack of antibodies. Lymphocytes include T-cells, B-cells, and natural killer (NK) cells and should account for between 15% and 49% of the total white blood cell count. Viral infections can either increase or decrease the total percentage of lymphocytes. Monocytes (MONO) or mononuclear phagocytes are the largest white blood cells in the bloodstream; they remove dead cells and microbes from the blood. A low number can put you at a higher risk of getting sick from an infection, particularly those caused by bacteria. Eosonophils (EOS), a type of phagocyte that produces the anti-inflammatory protein histamine, are usually elevated in people with allergies or parasitic infections. Basophil (BAS) cells are responsible for controlling inflammation and damage of tissues in the body, such as liver inflammation due to hepatitis.