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What is HbA1c?
It is the level of glycated haemoglobin. In the normal 120-day life span of the red blood cell, glucose molecules join hemoglobin, forming glycated hemoglobin.
Once a hemoglobin molecule is glycated, it remains that way. A buildup of glycated hemoglobin within the red blood cell reflects the average level of glucose to which the cell has been exposed during its life cycle. The higher the average blood sugar, the higher the HbA1c will be. If the blood sugar level is reduced with treatment, the HbA1c level will return to a normal value.

How do you measure the HbA1c level?
A simple non fasting blood test is enough to determine this value. Diabetics should have this test performed every 3 – 4 months. .

What is the use of this measurement?

Since the HbA1c represents your blood sugar average over the past 3 months, the value can be used to help you better control your diabetes and avoid  complications

It has been shown that every time your HbA1c level drops by 1%, the risk of complications from diabetes is reduced by 10 to 30%.

What is the goal of the treatment?
The HbA1c level should be lower than 6.5%.

How does HbA1c measurement (%) correspond to blood sugar level?

Any increase of 1% corresponds to average glycaemia increase of 1.94 mmol/L.


Blood sugar testing which is quite commonly used for Diabetes detection is not however, ideal to monitor a patient's control over Diabetes. HbA1c or Glycosylated Hemoglobin test provides a precise and a broader picture of your overall glucose control for the last 90 days. It is the measure of glucose which is bound to
the hemoglobin (inside RBCs) in an irreversible manner and hence would be present as long as the life of the RBC. 
The American Diabetes Association advises this test mandatory every year - four times for a diabetic patient.

As someone with diabetes, you can take control of your health by working closely with your health care team. Part of this take-charge approach is being aware of the various blood tests, when they need to be performed and how to interpret them. One test, the HbA1c, or glycated hemoglobin, is a blood test indicating overall blood glucose control. This test is generally done in medical labs although some medical offices, pharmacies and diabetes education clinics have portable machines.

The HbA1c shows if your blood glucose has been close to normal or high during the past three to four months. If blood glucose levels are elevated, then the HbA1c will be elevated. Since it is impossible to test blood glucose levels at all times throughout the day, the HbA1c is helpful. Testing with a meter measures the actual level of glucose in your blood at that exact time. The HbA1c test looks at the bigger picture; it measures your overall control for the past three to four months.

The HbA1c measures the amount of sugar attached to a protein, hemoglobin, that is found in the red blood cell. Once attached, it stays there for 90 to 120 days - the life of the red blood cell.

HbA1C

​Yamuna Enclave Branch
#278,Yamuna Enlcave, Panipat 

Timings: 10 am to 8 pm